Carbon tetrachloride, also known as tetrachloromethane or carbon tet, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.
Carbon tetrachloride does not burn in air.
CCl4 will dissolve iodine.
Carbon tetrachloride is a colourless liquid with a strong ether-like smell. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in many organic solvents, such as benzene, carbon disulfide, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethanol, formic acid and naphtha. It boils at 76.72 °C and freezes at −22.92 °C.
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Carbon tetrachloride can be synthesized by chlorinating carbon disulfide at temperatures between 105 to 130 °C:
- CS2 + 3 Cl2 → CCl4 + S2Cl2
It can also be prepared by chlorinating chloroform in the presence of light.
- Solvent for chlorinating reactions
- Make Carbon-Tet Explosive (CCl4 + Al powder)
Carbon tetrachloride is a toxic and carcinogenic compound, and is one of the most potent hepatotoxins (toxic to the liver).
In closed bottles, away from any heat source.